Known as cardiology, it studies and treats disorders of the heart and blood vessels. The study and treatment of diseases of the heart and vessels are known as cardiology.
Cardiology is an internal medicine branch that examines the heart. A cardiac surgeon is different from a cardiac physician. Cardiothoracic surgeons are responsible for heart surgery.
The heart regulates blood flow in the body. As well as performing heart catheterizations, angioplasty, or pacemaker insertions, they may also perform other tests and procedures.
Cardiovascular diseases affect both the heart and blood vessels simultaneously, unlike heart diseases, which affect only the heart.
The US requires doctors to complete four years of medical school, three years of training in internal medicine, and at least three years of training in cardiology to become cardiologists.
If I need to see a cardiologist, what are the signs?
If a patient exhibits symptoms of a heart condition, a physician may refer them to a cardiologist near you. Heart problems include:
- Breathing problems
- Having chest pains
- Changes in heart rate or rhythm
In some cases, cardiologists can detect abnormal heart rhythms or murmurs. They treat many patients who are suffering from heart problems, such as heart attacks or heart failure. Their recommendations are the basis for angioplasties, stentings, and heart surgeries.
A cardiologist can treat the following diseases:
- Atrioventricular fibrillation
- Congenital defects of the heart
- A heart condition
- Cholesterol and triglyceride levels are high
- Having high blood pressure
- Agona pectoris
- Heart valves are tightened
- Elevated blood pressure, or hypertension
Consulting a cardiologist can prevent heart disease.
Those with a family history of heart disease or high cholesterol, smokers, diabetics, and those starting an exercise program should consider seeing a cardiologist even without symptoms. Women with preeclampsia may have a greater risk of developing heart problems later in pregnancy or after menopause.
What does cardiology entail?
A cardiologist reviews a patient’s medical history as well as performing a physical examination.
They may also conduct some tests, in addition to checking the patient’s weight, heart, lungs, blood pressure, and blood vessels. In addition to angioplasties, stenting, valvuloplasties, and the correction of congenital heart defects, interventional cardiologists may perform coronary thrombectomy.
These tests can also be ordered or performed:
ECG or EKG: a recording of the heart’s electric activity
An ambulatory electrocardiogram: Measures a person’s heart rate while they are exercising or performing their normal daily activities. As tiny metal electrodes are attached to the chest, a Holter monitor records the heart’s rhythm.
A stress test or exercise test: The rate at which the heart beats during rest and exercise is determined by these factors. The rate determines how well the heart can function.
An echocardiogram: Photo shows the structure of the heart chambers and surrounding areas, as well as how the heart is functioning.
Echocardiography measures the heart’s cardiac output to determine how well it pumps blood. This test can detect pericarditis, an inflammation of the heart. It’s also possible to detect structural abnormalities or infections of the heart valves.
The heart is catheterized: By placing a tube near the heart, you can collect data and relieve blockages. By taking pictures and examining the electrical system, the device can take diagnostic data. Cathode-based catheter-based techniques and fluoroscopy can be used to treat congenital heart disease, valvular heart disease, and coronary artery disease.
As far as infarction imaging is concerned, there are several options, such as single-photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT), planar imaging, and myocardial perfusion imaging.
Electrophysiology of the cardiovascular system
Cardiology includes cardiac electrophysiology as a subspecialty. When the doctor examines the heart muscle tissue, he or she examines how the electric current works, how it spreads, and what the pattern of the currents mean. An electrophysiology study of the heart is performed by threading a catheter into a vein in the upper leg. With fluoroscopy, it is guided to the heart. The electrical signals of the heart are assessed once the catheter reaches it.